Cationic organobismuth complex as an effective catalyst for conversion of CO2 into cyclic carbonates

Xiaowen Zhang, Weili Dai, Shuangfeng Yin*, Shenglian Luo, Chak-Tong Au

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


In order to achieve high-efficiency conversion of CO2 into valuable chemicals, and to exploit new applications of organobismuth compounds, cationic organobismuth complex with 5,6,7,12-tetrahydrodibenz[c,f][1,5] azabismocine framework was examined for the first time for the coupling of CO2 into cyclic carbonates, using terminal epoxides as substrates and tetrabutylammonium halide as co-catalyst in a solvent-free environment under mild conditions. It is shown that the catalyst exhibited high activity and selectivity for the coupling reaction of CO2 with a wide range of terminal epoxide. The selectivity of propylene carbonates could reach 100%, and the maximum turnover frequency was up to 10740 h-1 at 120°C and 3 MPa CO2 pressure when tetrabutylammonium iodide was used as co-catalyst. Moreover, the catalyst is environment friendly, resistant to air and water, and can be readily reused and recycled without any loss of activity, demonstrating a potential in industrial application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-37
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering in China
Issue number1
Early online date21 Nov 2008
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Cationic organobismuth complex
  • Coupling
  • Cyclic carbonate
  • Terminal epoxide


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