The levels of civic engagement in terms of social services and civic activism in the Catholic churches of Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, and Shanghai are very different. While the former three churches have a higher level of social services, Shanghai does not. Hong Kong has a higher level of civic activism than the other three dioceses. This paper explains the similarities and differences among these cities by using an analytical model of political, cultural, and individual opportunity structures. Our findings and analysis are derived from a collaborative research project on the Catholic Church’s civic engagement in the four cities using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. In a time of rapid political, economic, and social transformation in China, religion is beginning to play an increasingly important role. Our study sheds light on what roles Catholicism or other religions might play in this process, and it has important implications for church-state relations in greater China.
从社会服务与社会批评的角度来看, 港澳台沪天主教区的剬共参与程度参差不齐。港澳台天主教社会服务程度较高, 但是上海则较低。香港教区的社会批评程度较高, 但是其他三个教区社会批评则较少。为什么这些教区剬共参与有如此之大的区别呢?本文力图用一个政治、文化与个人机会结构的分析模式来解释这些天主教教区剬共参与的同与不同。我们的发现和讨论均源自于一项对两岸四城天主教剬共参与的定性与定量研究的合作课题。当前的中国正处在一场政治、经济与社会的巨大变革之中。在这场变革中, 宗教在扮演着一个愈来愈举足轻重的角色。相信这项研究可以使我们更好地了解天主教以及其他宗教在中国的社会变迁中所扮演的角色, 并更好地理解大中国地区的政教关系。
- greater China
- civic engagement