Carrier trapping and scattering in amorphous organic hole transporter

K. K. Tsung, S. K. So

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The effects of dopants on the hole transporting properties of N, N′ -diphenyl- N, N′ -bis(1-naphthyl)(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'diamine (NPB) have been studied by time of flight. Five dopants: copper phthalocyanine (CuPc), 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(p -dimethylaminostyrle)-4 H -pyran (DCM1), 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-[2-(2,3,6,7-tetra-hydro-1 H,5 H -benzo[ij] quinolizin-8-yl)vinyl]-4 H -pyran (DCM2), 2-(4-biphenyl)-5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)- 1,3,4-oxadiazole (tBu-PBD), and 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) are used in this study. The dopant molecules behave like hole traps or scatterers. Their detailed behaviors are determined by their highest occupied molecular orbital relative to that of NPB. Generally, traps are found to induce significant reduction in hole mobility while there is a slight reduction for scattering. Two different underlying charge transport mechanisms are proposed.

This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This article appeared in K. K. Tsung, S. K. So; Carrier trapping and scattering in amorphous organic hole transporter. Appl. Phys. Lett. 10 March 2008; 92 (10): 103315. and may be found at

Original languageEnglish
Article number103315
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2008

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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