Carbazole-based coplanar molecule (CmInF) as a universal host for multi-color electrophosphorescent devices

Cheuk Lam HO, Liang Chen Chi, Wen Yi Hung*, Wei Jiun Chen, Yu Cheng Lin, Hao Wu, Ejabul Mondal, Gui Jiang Zhou, Ken Tsung Wong, Wai Yeung WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis, isomerism, photophysics and electrophosphorescent characterization of some functional cyclometallated iridium(iii) complexes containing 2-[2-(N-phenylcarbazolyl)]pyridine and 2-[3-(N-phenylcarbazolyl)] pyridine molecular frameworks are described. A carbazole-based coplanar molecule (CmInF) obtained through the intramolecular ring closure of aryl substitutions at the C3 and C6 positions exhibits a high triplet energy (ET = 2.77 eV), morphological stability (Tg = 195 °C) and hole mobility in the range of up to 5 × 10-3 cm2 V-1 s-1. Highly efficient multi-color electrophosphorescent devices have been successfully achieved employing CmInF as the universal host material doped with phosphorescent dopants of various colors under the same device configuration of ITO/PEDOT:PSS (300 Å)/TCTA (250 Å)/CmInF: dopant (250 Å)/TAZ (500 Å)/LiF/Al (PEDOT:PSS = poly(ethylene dioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate; TCTA = 4,4′,4′′-tri(N- carbazolyl)triphenylamine; TAZ = 3-(4-biphenylyl)-4-phenyl-5-(4-tert- butylphenyl)-1,2,4-triazole). Through the mixing of two phosphorescent dopants of complementary colors, we also fabricated a two-color white organic light-emitting device (WOLED) with the same device structure consisting of 12 wt% FIrpic and 0.3 wt% (Mpg)2Ir(acac) co-doped into CmInF as a single-emitting-layer, which exhibits peak WOLED efficiency of 13.4% (23.4 cd A-1) and 11.2 lm W-1 with the Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.33, 0.37). In addition, the use of such device structure in full-color OLEDs has the advantages of simplifying manufacturing process and reducing production cost that are the critical issues of commercialization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-224
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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