Calpain-cleaved type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R1) has InsP3-independent gating and disrupts intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis

Catherine M. Kopil, Horia Vais, King Ho Cheung, Adam P. Siebert, Don On Daniel Mak, J. Kevin Foskett, Robert W. Neumar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R1) is a ubiquitous intracellular Ca2+ release channel that is vital to intracellular Ca2+ signaling. InsP3R1 is a proteolytic target of calpain, which cleaves the channel to form a 95-kDa carboxyl-terminal fragment that includes the transmembrane domains, which contain the ion pore. However, the functional consequences of calpain proteolysis on channel behavior and Ca 2+homeostasis are unknown. In the present study we have identified a unique calpain cleavage site in InsP3R1 and utilized a recombinant truncated form of the channel (capn-InsP3R1) corresponding to the stable, carboxyl-terminal fragment to examine the functional consequences of channel proteolysis. Single-channel recordings of capn-InsP3R1 revealed InsP3-independent gating and high open probability (Po) under optimal cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+] i) conditions. However, some [Ca2+] i regulation of the cleaved channel remained, with a lower Po in suboptimal and inhibitory [Ca2+] i. Expression of capn-InsP3R1 in N2a cells reduced the Ca2+ content of ionomycin-releasable intracellular stores and decreased endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ loading compared with control cells expressing full-length InsP3R1. Using a cleavage-specific antibody, we identified calpain-cleaved InsP3R1 in selectively vulnerable cerebellar Purkinje neurons after in vivo cardiac arrest. These findings indicate that calpain proteolysis of InsP3R1 generates a dysregulated channel that disrupts cellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that calpain cleaves InsP3R1 in a clinically relevant injury model, suggesting that Ca2+ leak through the proteolyzed channel may act as a feed-forward mechanism to enhance cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35998-36010
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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