Bridging the sanitation gap between disaster relief and development

Ka Man LAI*, Claudia Ramirez, Weilong Liu, Darina Kirilova, David Vick, Joe Mari, Rachel Smith, Ho Yin Lam, Afshin Ostovari, Akifumi Shibakawa, Yang Liu, Sidharth Samant, Lucky Osaro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


By interpreting disasters as opportunities to initiate the fulfilment of development needs, realise the vulnerability of the affected community and environment, and extend the legacy of relief funds and effort, this paper builds upon the concept linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) in the sanitation sector. It aims to use a composite of case studies to devise a framework for a semi-hypothetical scenario to identify critical components and generic processes for a LRRD action plan. The scenario is based on a latrine wetland sanitation system in a Muslim community. Several sub-frameworks are developed: (i) latrine design; (ii) assessment of human waste treatment; (iii) connective sanitation promotion strategy; and (iv) ecological systems and environmental services for sanitation and development. This scenario illustrates the complex issues involved in LRRD in sanitation work and provides technical notes and references for a legacy plan for disaster relief and development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-664
Number of pages17
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Development
  • Disaster relief
  • Latrines
  • Sanitation
  • Wetlands


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