Brain potentials associated with outcome expectation and outcome evaluation

Rongjun Yu, Xiaolin Zhou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Feedback-related negativity is a negative deflection in brain potentials associated with feedback indicating monetary losses or response errors. Feedback-related negativity is studied primarily in paradigms in which participants experience negative outcomes that appear to be contingent upon their previous choices. This study investigated whether feedback-related negativity can be elicited by a randomly assigned cue indicating potential monetary loss. The expected loss or win can be materialized or averted depending on participants’ performance in a subsequent game. Compared with the win cue, the loss cue elicited a weak but significant feedback-related negativity-like effect. It is suggested that the anterior cingulate cortex, which generates feedback-related negativity, may function as a pre-warning system that alerts the brain to get ready for future events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1649-1653
Number of pages5
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2006

User-Defined Keywords

  • anterior cingulate cortex
  • feedback-related negativity
  • outcome evaluation
  • outcome expectation
  • reinforcement learning


Dive into the research topics of 'Brain potentials associated with outcome expectation and outcome evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this