Blockchain-Empowered Edge Intelligence for Internet of Medical Things against COVID-19

Hong Ning Dai, Yulei Wu, Hao Wang, Muhammad Imran, Noman Haider

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have witnessed an unprecedented public health crisis caused by the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which has severely affected medical institutions, our common lives, and social-economic activities. This crisis also reveals the brittleness of existing medical services, such as over-centralization of medical resources, the hysteresis of medical services digitalization, and weak security and privacy protection of medical data. The integration of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) and blockchain is expected to be a panacea to COVID-19 attributed to the ubiquitous presence and the perception of IoMT as well as the enhanced security and immutability of the blockchain. However, the synergy of IoMT and blockchain is also faced with challenges in privacy, latency, and context absence. The emerging edge intelligence technologies bring opportunities to tackle these issues. In this article, we present blockchain-empowered edge intelligence for IoMT in addressing the COVID-19 crisis. We first review IoMT, edge intelligence, and blockchain in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic. We then present an architecture of blockchain-empowered edge intelligence for IoMT after discussing the opportunities of integrating blockchain and edge intelligence. We next offer solutions to COVID-19 brought by blockchain-empowered edge intelligence from 1) monitoring and tracing COVID-19 pandemic origin, 2) traceable supply chain of injectable medicines and COVID-19 vaccines, and 3) telemedicine and remote healthcare services. Moreover, we also discuss the challenges and open issues in blockchain-empowered edge intelligence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9492929
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Magazine
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems

User-Defined Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Privacy
  • Pandemics
  • Telemedicine
  • Supply chains
  • Blockchains
  • Vaccines
  • Internet of Medical Things

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