Behavioural toxicity studies of Cyclope neritea and Nassarius mutabilis exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Ho Man Leung, Patrick Y K YUE, Cho Wing SZE, Chi Kin Au, Kwai Chung Cheung, Ka Loi Chan, Ho Yiu Lok, Wai Chin Li*, Kin Lam YUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The objective of the work was to study behavioural change of Cyclope neritea (sea snail) and Nassarius mutabilis (land snail) upon exposure to different levels of PAHs. Snail’s behaviour was translated and expressed in Behavioural State Score (BSS) where the score ranged from “0” to “5” points refers to the ascending level of locomotion of a snail. A significant difference was found in snail’s behaviour in 25.0 mg/L than in 0.5 mg/L with p value smaller than 0.01. BSS scores appear most frequent on the treatment and control group were 5 (61.5–64.5%) and 2 (41.0–45.0%), respectively. Intersex behaviour was found in all species (i.e. the same sex was grouped together) regardless of PAH concentrations. This is the first reported to study the behavioural change of snail sampled in Hong Kong area when exposed to PAHs. Further studies should be carried on the impact of snail’s behaviour exposure on each congener in the family of PAHs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6695-6700
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number6
Early online date21 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

User-Defined Keywords

  • Behavioural State Score
  • Cyclope neritea
  • Intersex behaviour
  • Nassarius mutabilis
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons


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