Back to the countryside: Rural development and the spatial patterns of population migration in zhejiang, china

Weiming Tong*, Kevin Lo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examines how rural development in China shapes new trends in population migration. Using first-hand, village-level data from Zhejiang—an economically developed province in China—we investigated the patterns and influencing factors of population migration between rural and urban areas. We conceptualized three types of migration in rural areas: rural out-migration, rural in-migration, and rural return-migration. First-hand data were collected from 347 villages. The results show that although rural out-migration remains the dominant form of migration, rural in-migration and return-migration are also common, and the latter two are positively correlated. Further, we found evidence to support the conclusion that rural economic, social, and spatial development encourages rural in-migration and return-migration but does not have a significant impact on rural out-migration. Therefore, it is foreseeable that rural in-migration and return-migration will become increasingly common in China.

Original languageEnglish
Article number788
Number of pages15
JournalAgriculture (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • Population migration
  • Rural development
  • Rural studies

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