Avoided cost estimation and cost-effectiveness of permanent load shifting in California

P. Sreedharan, D. Miller, S. Price, Chi-Keung WOO*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two intersecting events of the last two decades have transformed the electricity industry: (1) market restructure designed to introduce wholesale market competition; and (2) renewable energy development fostered by government policies, including renewable portfolio standards (RPS). There is, however, little research to answer the question: what is the avoided cost of demand response (DR) in a restructured market with RPS? This paper offers an answer to this question, which is critical for determining the cost-effectiveness of DR and its program design and implementation. We illustrate the answer's usefulness with five real-world examples of permanent load shifting (PLS) in California. These examples show that a PLS system's cost-effectiveness depends on its site-specific characteristics, including location, installation cost and performance, thus affirming the use of a targeted approach to DR design and implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Energy
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

User-Defined Keywords

  • Avoided cost
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Permanent load shifting
  • Renewable portfolio standards

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