Attempts to immobilize catalytically active heteropolytungstates on the surfaces of electrodes

Kwok Keung SHIU*, Fred C. Anson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


The iron-substituted heteropolytungstate anion, FeSiW11O395- has been attached to carbon electrode surfaces by three different means: anion exchange into coatings of protonated and/or quaternized polyvinylpyridine, incorporation into oxidized films of electropolymerized polypyrrole, and deposition of insoluble composite coatings containing the anion and the tetrapositive tetrakis(4-N-methylpyridyl)porphine (and its cobalt(II) derivative). Unfortunately, all of the electrode coatings obtained exhibited less stability and/or electrocatalytic activity than is available from homogeneous solutions of FeSiW11O395-. The iron centers of the FeSiW11O395- anions incorporated in the polyvinylpyridinium films or the insoluble composite coatings were gradually lost from the coatings, probably as a result of electrostatic interactions within the coatings. The FeSiW11O395- anion is reasonably stable in polypyrrole coatings but when the coatings are used for catalytic reductions of H2O2 the polypyrrole appears to be degraded and the catalytic anion is lost. The feasibility of electronically conducting polymers and cation-anion multilayers as suitable vehicles for holding transition metal-substituted polyoxometallates on electrode surfaces was demonstrated but more stable derivatives will be required to achieve long-lived catalytic surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 1991

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry


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