Asymmetric response of above-and below ground biomass of C3-and C4-dominated grasslands to aridity

Md Lokman Hossain*, Jianfeng Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Assessing the dynamics of grassland functioning is critical for gaining an understanding of their feedback on rising aridity. In attempting to understand the response of grassland ecosystem functioning to aridity, the (i) relationships between biomass productivity (above-and below-ground biomass: AGB and BGB, and their partitioning: BGB:AGB) and seasonal and annual aridity, and (ii) biomass allocation pattern between the AGB and BGB of C3-and C4-dominated grasslands in humid temperate, humid savanna, cold steppe, and savanna ecoregions were assessed. Results reveal that biomass productivity and its partitioning responded significantly to differences in growing season aridity, but the response patterns were not consistent for ecoregions. The decreased annual and seasonal biomass partitioning in humid savanna and cold steppe was associated with increased AGB and decreased BGB with accelerated aridity. There was a significant positive correlation in the biomass allocation pattern between the AGB and BGB of plants in three ecoregions, which supports the optimal partitioning theory. This study reveals that growing season aridity, rather than annual aridity, is the primary factor of biomass productivity and partitioning in the studied grasslands. These findings have significant repercussions for predicting ecosystem functioning and stability, restoring degraded eco-systems, and ensuring the sustainable management of grassland biodiversity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2465-2478
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Water and Climate Change
Volume14
Issue number7
Early online date23 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

User-Defined Keywords

  • aridity
  • biomass allocation
  • C and C grasslands
  • climatic variability
  • ecoregion
  • ecosystem productivity

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