常用詞的歷時演變在共時層面的不平衡對應分布——以《官話指南》及其滬語粵語改寫本爲例

Translated title of the contribution: Asymmetric Distribution of Diachronic Common Words in the Synchronic Language———A Case Study of The Guide to Kuan Hua and Its Editions in Shanghai Dialect and Cantonese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

本文以《官话指南》六种(含南北官话两种、沪语粤语翻译版四种)常用词异同为核心,发现其用词差异一方面反映了地域因素,另一方面词汇的历时演变也是制约地域分布的核心因素。这从另一个角度印证了常用词历时演变与其共时地域分布的特点,即词在历史时间上"纵"的层次与在地理空间上所形成的"横"的分布具有某种对应性。粤语、沪语除使用了大量方言特征词外,粤语改写本较多保留了古代常用词,沪语虽有保留,但受元明以后官话影响大,用词向南方官话、北京官话靠近,北京官话多使用明清代以来新见常用词。
Translated title of the contributionAsymmetric Distribution of Diachronic Common Words in the Synchronic Language———A Case Study of The Guide to Kuan Hua and Its Editions in Shanghai Dialect and Cantonese
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)54-63, 192-193
Number of pages12
Journal清华大学学报(哲学社会科学版)
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

User-Defined Keywords

  • 《官话指南》
  • 粤语
  • 沪语
  • 常用词

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