Associations between Ileal Juice Bile Acids and Colorectal Advanced Adenoma

Hung N. Luu*, Chi Thi Du Tran, Renwei Wang, Mai Vu Tuyet Nguyen, Mo Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Van Tuong, Quang Hong Tran, Linh Cu Le, Huong Thi Thu Pham, Hien Huy Vu, Nam Chi Bui, Hien Thi Thu Ha, Dung Tuan Trinh, Claire E. Thomas, Jennifer Adams-Haduch, Liudmilla Velikokhatnaya, Robert E. Schoen, Guoxiang Xie, Wei Jia, Paolo BoffettaJose C. Clemente, Jian Min Yuan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


Background: There is an urgent need to identify biomarkers for advanced adenoma, an important precursor of colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to determine alterations in ileal juice bile acids associated with colorectal advanced adenoma.

Methods: We quantified a comprehensive panel of primary and secondary bile acids and their conjugates using an ultraperformance liquid chromatography triple-quadrupole mass spectrometric assay in ileal juice collected at colonoscopy from 46 study subjects (i.e., 14 biopsy-confirmed advanced adenomas and 32 controls free of adenoma or cancer). Using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), we examined the differences in bile acid concentrations by disease status, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status and type 2 diabetes.

Results: The concentrations of hyodeoxycholic acid (HCA) species in ileal juice of the advanced adenoma patients (geometric mean = 4501.9 nM) were significantly higher than those of controls (geometric mean = 1292.3 nM, p = 0.001). The relative abundance of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in total bile acids was significantly reduced in cases than controls (0.73% in cases vs. 1.33% in controls; p = 0.046). No significant difference between cases and controls was observed for concentrations of total or specific primary bile acids (i.e., cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and their glycine- and taurine-conjugates) and total and specific major secondary bile acids (i.e., deoxycholic acid and lithocholic acid).

Conclusions: Colorectal advanced adenoma was associated with altered bile acids in ileal juice. The HCA species may promote the development of colorectal advanced adenoma, whereas gut microbiota responsible for the conversion of CDCA to UDCA may protect against it. Our findings have important implications for the use of bile acids as biomarkers in early detection of colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2930
Number of pages13
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

User-Defined Keywords

  • bile acids
  • biomarker
  • colorectal adenomas
  • colorectal cancer
  • ileal juice


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