Assessing the personal-social development of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents

Mantak Yuen*, Eadaoin K.P. Hui, Patrick S.Y. Lau, Norman C. Gysbers, Thomas K.M. Leung, Raymond M C CHAN, Peter M.K. Shea

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A 60-item measure, the Personal-Social Development Self-Efficacy Inventory (PSD-SEI) was developed to assess personal-social development self-efficacy among adolescents in Hong Kong. The PSD-SEI was administered to 6,776 Grade 10-13 students in Hong Kong. Principal components analysis with varimax solutions yielded seven meaningful factors: 1. Self-Realization, 2. Leadership and Teamwork, 3. Emotional, Physical and Social Wellness, 4. Interests and Life Goals 5. Relationships, 6. Avoiding Drugs, Excessive Drinking and Smoking, and 7. Finance and Self-Care. Reliability analyses showed that the total scale and subscales were internally consistent. The data suggested that Hong Kong adolescents had some but not strong confidence in their personal-social development. Boys were more confident in self-realization and maintaining wellness; girls were more confident in leadership and teamwork, relationship with the opposite sex, and avoiding drugs, excessive drinking, and smoking. This study is the first attempt to develop and validate a personal-social development self-efficacy measure for Chinese adolescents. Further research and applications of the PSD-SEI for the quality enhancement of personal-social development programmes in schools are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-330
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Comprehensive guidance programmes
  • Hong Kong
  • Personal-social development
  • Positive psychology
  • Self-efficacy


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