Assessing Composition/Improvisation in School Music Education in the Global age of China

Wai Chung Ho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/report/conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


With particular reference to school music education in China, this chapter will examine the under-researched relationships between social transformation, composition/improvisation, creativity, and education reforms in the global age. The chapter will adopt a qualitative content analysis of official documents, selected music textbooks, and other relevant literatures to demonstrate and discuss the extent of music composition/improvisation for individual expression and extra-musical learning taking shape in the social context of China. This chapter will also present a discussion on selected textbook materials and how school music education may help initiate a dialogue on the delivery of improvisation activities to cultivate creativity in the music curriculum in two pairs of relationships: between the promotion of contemporary multicultural values and Chinese ethnic and patriotic education, and between the cultural and creative narratives of individualism and collectivism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Companion to Teaching Music Composition in Schools
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Perspectives
EditorsKirsty Devaney, Martin Fautley, Joana Grow, Annette Ziegenmeyer
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781003184317
ISBN (Print)9781032026268, 9781032026299
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)


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