Aristolochic acid induced changes in the metabolic profile of rat urine

Wan Chan, Zongwei CAI*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Prolonged exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) has shown to pose rapid progressive renal fibrosis in Belgium women in a slimming regimen in the early 90 s. We hypothesize that changes in metabolic profile could have occurred before symptoms were observed, which may allow early treatment. In this study, metabonomics was used for toxicology study of AA in rats. Liquid chromatography coupled with a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Qq-TOF) was used for the analysis of endogenous metabolites in rat urine samples. The difference in metabolic profiles between the control and the dosed rats was well observed by the principal component analysis (PCA) of the MS data. Significant changes of two metabolite markers, kynurenic acid and hippuric acid, were detected in the rat urine samples. The identification of potential biomarkers was performed by high-resolution mass measurement and MS-MS analyses on a Qq-TOF. We believe that metabolic profiling may act as a preclinical protocol for AA exposure before symptoms are observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-762
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2008

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Aristolochic acid
  • Biomarker
  • LC-MS
  • Metabonomics
  • Nephrotoxin


Dive into the research topics of 'Aristolochic acid induced changes in the metabolic profile of rat urine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this