Aqueous and air-compatible fabrication of high-performance conductive textiles

Xiaolong Wang, Casey Yan, Hong Hu, Xuechang Zhou, Ruisheng Guo, Xuqing Liu, Zhuang Xie, Jeffery HUANG, Zijian Zheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a fully aqueous- and air-compatible chemical approach to preparing high-performance conductive textiles. In this method, the surfaces of textile materials are first modified with an aqueous solution of double-bond-containing silane molecules to form a surface-anchoring layer for subsequent in situ free-radical polymerization of [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (METAC) in the air. Thin layers of poly-METAC (PMETAC) are therefore covalently grafted on top of the silane-modified textile surface. Cu- or Ni-coated textiles are finally fabricated by electroless deposition (ELD) onto the PMETAC-modified textiles. Parameters including polymerization time, temperature, and ELD conditions are studied to optimize the whole fabrication process. The as-made conductive textiles exhibit sheet resistance as low as 0.2 Ωsq-1, which makes them highly suitable for use as conductive wires and interconnects in flexible and wearable electronic devices. More importantly, the chemical method is fully compatible with the conventional "pad-dry-cure" fabrication process in the textile manufacturing industry, thus indicating that it is very promising for high-throughput and roll-to-roll fabrication of high-performance metal-coated conductive textiles in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2170-2177
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • conducting materials
  • electroless deposition
  • polymerization
  • radicals
  • wearable electronics


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