Application of hydrophobic palladium nanoparticles for the development of electrochemical glucose biosensor

Zhongping Li, Xu Wang, Guangming Wen, Shaomin Shuang, Chuan Dong*, Man Chin Paau, Martin M F CHOI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


An amperometric glucose biosensor based on an n-alkylamine-stabilized palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs)-glucose oxidase (GOx) modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode has been successfully fabricated. PdNPs were initially synthesized by a biphase mixture of water and toluene method using n-alkylamines (dodecylamine, C 12-NH 2 and octadecylamine, C 18-NH 2) as stabilizing ligands. The performance of the PdNPs-GOx/GC biosensor was studied by cyclic voltammetry. The optimum working potential for amperometric measurement of glucose in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer solution is -0.02V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The analytical performance of the biosensor prepared from C 18-PdNPs-GOx is better than that of C 12-PdNPs-GOx. The C 18-PdNPs-GOx/GC biosensor exhibits a fast response time of ca. 3s, a detection limit of 3.0μM (S/N=3) and a linear range of 3.0μM-8.0mM. The linear dependence of current density with glucose concentration is 70.8μAcm -2mM -1. The biosensor shows good stability, repeatability and reproducibility. It has been successfully applied to determine the glucose content in human blood serum samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4619-4623
Number of pages5
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Amperometry
  • Glucose
  • Palladium nanoparticles


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