Multifunctional photothermal nanomaterials offer notable opportunities for antimicrobial therapy due to their excellent antibacterial activities without leading to drug resistance. Herein, we report a facile one-step strategy for fabricating anisotropic corn-like α-Fe2O3/AgAu/polydopamine (PDA) nanospindles with photothermally enhanced antibacterial performance. The AgAu bimetallic nanocrystals sandwiched between the α-Fe2O3 core and the PDA shell are achieved by simultaneous reduction from AgNO3 and HAuCl4 during the oxidative polymerization of dopamine and galvanic replacement reaction between the obtained Ag nanocrystals and Au precursor. The inner nanostructure and atom ratio of AgAu bimetallic nanocrystals can be modulated by varying the experimental parameter, thus further controlling the photothermal activities. In comparison to α-Fe2O3/Au/PDA, Fe2O3/Ag1.7Au0.8/PDA (50 μg/mL) has a better photothermal conversion effect (60.69%). Moreover, the α-Fe2O3/Ag1.7Au0.8/PDA nanospindle exhibits moderate antibacterial activity, which may be derived from Ag+ release. Under application of near-infrared light irradiation, the corn-like α-Fe2O3/Ag1.7Au0.8/PDA nanospindles (50 μg/mL) exhibit a photothermally enhanced sterilization effect against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus (99.99%). This “Ag+ release-photothermal” coupling sterilization method provides a simple synergistic antimicrobial therapy strategy, which possesses great promise for future nanomedicine against bacteria in water treatment.
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- Materials Science(all)