Analyzing the effect of an arch support functional insole on walking and jogging in young, healthy females

Xiaoxue Zhao, Meizi Wang , Gusztáv Fekete, Julien S. Baker, Huw Wiltshire, Yaodong Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of arch support functional insoles to prevent metatarsalgia. 

METHOD: Twenty-five healthy females participated in the study. A Vicon motion capture system was used to collect kinematics data of the lower limb. An AMTI force plate was used to record the vertical ground reaction force (GRF), and the Novel Pedar-X System was used to measure foot pressure while subjects wore normal insoles or functional insoles with an arch support during walking and jogging. 

RESULTS: With the arch support functional insoles, the first metatarsal (FM) region's contact area was increased and the peak pressure and time-pressure integral of the FM and second and third metatarsal (SATM) were areas decreased. This suggests a lower risk of longitude stress injuries in these areas. The ankle dorsiflexion angle of jogging with the 'arch support functional insoles' (RF) and walking with the 'arch support functional insoles' (WF) were significantly increased at initial contact and the knee and hip flexion angle of RF and WF were reduced. The peak hip extension angle of WF and RF also declined. The vertical loading rate of RF was lower, which would be beneficial in reducing the risk of lower limb injuries during jogging. 

CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that arch support functional insoles can be used effectively to prevent and decrease pain and promote a suitable weight-bearing pattern in the foot for promoting the health of young females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1151
Number of pages11
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Information Systems
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Arch support
  • biomechanics
  • gait
  • insoles


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