Analytical chemistry of the persistent organic pollutants identified in the Stockholm Convention: A review

Weiguang Xu, Xian Wang, Zongwei CAI*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

195 Citations (Scopus)


Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are major environmental concern due to their persistence, long-range transportability, bio-accumulation and potentially adverse effects on living organisms. Analytical chemistry plays an essential role in the measurement of POPs and provides important information on their distribution and environmental transformations. Much effort has been devoted during the last two decades to the development of faster, safer, more reliable and more sensitive analytical techniques for these pollutants. Since the Stockholm Convention (SC) on POPs was adopted 12 years ago, analytical methods have been extensively developed. This review article introduces recent analytical techniques and applications for the determination of POPs in environmental and biota samples, and summarizes the extraction, separation and instrumental analyses of the halogenated POPs. Also, this review covers important aspects for the analyses of SC POPs (e.g. lipid determination and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC)), and finally discusses future trends for improving the POPs analyses and for potential new POPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

User-Defined Keywords

  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • Instrumental analyses
  • Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • Persistent organic pollutants
  • Sample preparation


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