In this work, we are concerned with the stability and convergence analysis of the second-order backward difference formula (BDF2) with variable steps for the molecular beam epitaxial model without slope selection. We first show that the variable-step BDF2 scheme is convex and uniquely solvable under a weak time-step constraint. Then we show that it preserves an energy dissipation law if the adjacent time-step ratios satisfy rk:= τk/τk−1 < 3.561. Moreover, with a novel discrete orthogonal convolution kernels argument and some new estimates on the corresponding positive definite quadratic forms, the L2 norm stability and rigorous error estimates are established, under the same step-ratio constraint that ensures the energy stability, i.e., 0 < rk < 3.561. This is known to be the best result in the literature. We finally adopt an adaptive time-stepping strategy to accelerate the computations of the steady state solution and confirm our theoretical findings by numerical examples.
Scopus Subject Areas
- convergence analysis
- discrete orthogonal convolution kernels
- energy stability
- molecular beam epitaxial growth
- variable-step BDF2 scheme