Analysis of aluminum alloys by resonance-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: How the beam profile of the ablation laser and the energy of the dye laser affect analytical performance

W. L. Yip, Nai Ho CHEUNG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In resonance-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, the sample was ablated by a laser pulse and the expanding plume was photoresonantly rekindled by a dye laser pulse. By sampling aluminum alloys for Mg, Pb, Si, and Cu, we showed that for the ablation step, Gaussian beams gave 2 to 3× better signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) than non-uniform beams. For the rekindling step, if no further sample destruction was allowed, dye laser pulses that intercepted the plume transversely gave 6 to 12× higher SNR than the longitudinal case. By combining Gaussian beams and transverse rekindling, the mass limit-of-detection for Mg was about 100 amol while non-resonant analysis was 10× more destructive. Sub-monolayer of oxides grown on laser-cleaned aluminum surfaces was detected by monitoring the AlO emissions of rekindled plumes; without resonant enhancements, they were not detectable no matter how destructive was the analysis. Time resolved studies showed that the Gaussian beam produced less dispersed plumes and that a stronger dye laser beam directed transversely heated up a bigger plume mass without over-heating the plume core. The analyte emissions were sustained while the continuum background remained low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalSpectrochimica Acta, Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

User-Defined Keywords

  • Aluminum alloy analysis
  • Electron density
  • LIBS
  • Plasma temperature
  • Plume dispersion
  • Resonance-enhanced LIBS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of aluminum alloys by resonance-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: How the beam profile of the ablation laser and the energy of the dye laser affect analytical performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this