An Investigation of Differences in Lower Extremity Biomechanics During Single-Leg Landing From Height Using Bionic Shoes and Normal Shoes

Datao Xu, Huiyu Zhou, Julien S. Baker, Bíró István*, Yaodong Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bionic shoes utilizing an actual foot shape sole structure can alter lower limb’s biomechanics, which may help in the development of specific training or rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical differences in the lower limb during a single-leg landing task using bionic shoes (BS) and normal shoes (NS). Fifteen healthy male subjects participated in this study, sagittal, and frontal plane data were collected during the landing phase (drop landing from 35 cm platform). Our study showed that BS depicted a significantly greater minimum knee flexion angle at initial contact (p = 0.000), a significantly greater minimum (initial contact) hip flexion angle at initial contact (p = 0.009), a significantly smaller sagittal plane total energy dissipation (p = 0.028), a significantly smaller frontal plane total energy dissipation (p = 0.008), a significantly smaller lower limb total energy dissipation (p = 0.017) than NS during the landing phase. SPM analysis revealed that BS depicted a significantly smaller knee joint vertical reaction force during the 13.8–19.8% landing phase (p = 0.01), a significantly smaller anterior tibia shear force during the 14.2–17.5% landing phase (p = 0.024) than NS. BS appears to change lower limb kinematics at initial contact and then readjust the landing strategies for joint work and joint reaction force, thereby reducing the risk of lower limb skeletal muscle injury. BS have great potential for future development and application uses, which may help athletes to reduce lower limb injury risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number679123
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Histology
  • Biomedical Engineering

User-Defined Keywords

  • bionic shoes
  • landing task
  • lower limb
  • sports injury
  • unstable sole construction

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