An evaluation of legislative measures on electrical and electronic waste in the People's Republic of China

Shan Shan CHUNG*, Chan Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the increasing number of recycling mishaps in connection with waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) in the People's Republic of China, it is imperative that the handling and recycling of WEEE be sufficiently regulated in China. Regulations covering three major issues, namely, take-back issues, controls on hazardous substances in WEEE and the assurance of good environmental management in WEEE plants, were promulgated between 2006 and 2008. The evaluation in this country report shows that few of these regulatory measures have performed satisfactorily in terms of enforcement, of public acceptance and of environmental concerns. In brief, the take-back requirements and the associated financial responsibilities are only vaguely defined; the control on hazardous substances and the so-called "environmental expiry date" requirements cannot be properly enforced, and the resources needed to ensure the satisfactory enforcement of the environmental abatement and pollution control requirements in WEEE plants are overwhelming. In addition, the use of a "multiple enforcement body" approach to the control of hazardous substances in WEEE is an indication that the Chinese government lacks the determination to properly enforce the relevant legal requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2638-2646
Number of pages9
JournalWaste Management
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • E-waste
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • People's Republic of China
  • RoHS
  • WEEE

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