An epidemiological modelling approach for COVID-19 via data assimilation

Philip Nadler*, Shuo Wang, Rossella Arcucci, Xian YANG, Yi-Ke GUO

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global pandemic of the 2019-nCov requires the evaluation of policy interventions to mitigate future social and economic costs of quarantine measures worldwide. We propose an epidemiological model for forecasting and policy evaluation which incorporates new data in real-time through variational data assimilation. We analyze and discuss infection rates in the UK, US and Italy. We furthermore develop a custom compartmental SIR model fit to variables related to the available data of the pandemic, named SITR model, which allows for more granular inference on infection numbers. We compare and discuss model results which conducts updates as new observations become available. A hybrid data assimilation approach is applied to make results robust to initial conditions and measurement errors in the data. We use the model to conduct inference on infection numbers as well as parameters such as the disease transmissibility rate or the rate of recovery. The parameterisation of the model is parsimonious and extendable, allowing for the incorporation of additional data and parameters of interest. This allows for scalability and the extension of the model to other locations or the adaption of novel data sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-761
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Epidemiology

User-Defined Keywords

  • 2019-nCov
  • Bayesian updating
  • Compartmental model
  • Data assimilation
  • Inference

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