An empirical note on university rankings

Kang Hua Cao*, Chi-Keung Woo, Yi Shi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


This note explores the empirics of the world’s top 100 universities based on their arithmetic averages of individual rankings published by five ranking agencies in 2022. It finds disparity in each university’s individual rankings. Further, the extent of disparity is greater for lower-ranking universities, enabling strategic announcements of their global standings. Hence, we urge caution when interpreting the ranking announcement posed on a university’s website.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Aug 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Top 100 universities
  • ranking agreement
  • ranking disparity
  • university rankings


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