Four benzofuran-conjugated iridium(III) or rhodium (III)-based metal complexes are synthesized to screen as an inhibitor of STAT3 activity in prostate cancer cells. All complexes show the high stability and solubility in the biological system. In this study, an iridium(III) complex engages STAT3 and NF-κB to inhibit their translocation and transcriptional activities. Moreover, complex 1 shows more potential antiproliferative activity against DU145 cells and suppresses tumor growth in a prostate cancer xenograft mouse without observable adverse effects. Complex 1 may provide the basis for developing new therapeutic strategy in vivo and in vitro for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Cancer Research
- Benzofuran-conjugated iridium(III) complex
- Dual inhibitors
- Prostate cells