「允」「㽙」「畯」試釋

Translated title of the contribution: An Analysis of the Characters Yun 允 , Yun 㽙 , and Jun 畯 in Bronze Inscriptions

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

金文中有「㽙」字,從田從允,宋人本釋為「允」字。但自清代學者孫詒讓據晉姜鼎誤讀為畯以後,直至現代的古文字學家如徐中舒、于省吾又從另外的角度釋此字為「畯」,通「駿」,意即長、遠。今之學者多從之。本文考察自宋代以來學者對此字的釋讀,以金文中辭例為據,結合《詩經》、《尚書》、《逸周書》等文獻資料,認為西周金文的「㽙」字,仍當讀為「允」字,是「允」字的異體。

The character yun 㽙 in bronze inscriptions, composed of the radicals tian 田 and yun 允 , was originally understood as a variant of yun 允 by Song scholars. Sun Yirang, a late Qing paleographer, then proposed to read this character as jun 畯 , based on his misunderstanding of the inscription cast on the Jin Jiang ding vessel. Xu Zhongshu and Yu Xingwu also consider this yun a variant of jun, but on the basis of their comparative study of transmitted documents with bronze inscriptions. This paper reexamines the contexts of this character on bronze vessels, cross-referenced with its occurrences in the Book of Odes, the Book of Documents and other transmitted Zhou texts, and argues that in Western Zhou times it was indeed a variant of yun 允 , meaning “trust.”
Translated title of the contributionAn Analysis of the Characters Yun 允 , Yun 㽙 , and Jun 畯 in Bronze Inscriptions
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)135-159
Number of pages26
Journal饒宗頤國學院院刊
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

User-Defined Keywords

  • 金文
  • 《詩經》
  • 《尚書》
  • 古文字

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