Amyloid-β Oligomer-Targeted Gadolinium-Based NIR/MR Dual-Modal Theranostic Nanoprobe for Alzheimer's Disease

Chengke Wang, Xueli Wang, Hei Nga Chan, Guifeng Liu, Zhenxin Wang, Hung Wing Li*, Ricky M S WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques is one of the main pathological hallmarks of incurable Alzheimer's disease (AD), Aβ oligomers have been identified as a more appealing AD biomarker due to their being more pathogenic and neurotoxic. Therefore, the development of a sensitive and effective technique for oligomeric Aβ detection and imaging is beneficial for the early detection of AD, monitoring disease progression, and assessing the efficacy of potential AD drugs. Herein, the development and investigation of the first Aβ oligomer-specific Gd3+-based nanoparticles (NPs), NP@SiO2@F-SLOH as a multimodal near-infrared imaging (NIRI)/T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for real-time visualization of Aβ contents in an AD mouse model is reported. Remarkably, the NP@SiO2@F-SLOH is successfully applied for in vivo and ex vivo NIRI with high sensitivity and selectivity for Aβ oligomers and for MRI with good spatial resolution in different age groups in an AD mouse model. Furthermore, the NP probe exhibits a noticeable inhibitory effect on Aβ fibrillation and neuroprotection against Aβ-induced toxicity indicating its desirable therapeutic potential for AD. All these results illustrate the tremendous potential of this versatile and sensitive nanomaterial as an effective theranostic MRI nanoprobe for practical use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1909529
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume30
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • dual-modal imaging
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • near-infrared imaging
  • β-amyloid oligomers

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