American versus East Asian norms and labor market institutions affecting socioeconomic inequality

Arthur Sakamoto*, Anita Koo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We review research on social stratification and labor market institutions with a focus on typical East Asian practices versus common American perspectives about income inequalities. In contrast to American concerns about discrimination, equality of opportunity and individualism, the understanding of inequalities in East Asian societies is more influenced by a Confucian cultural tradition. East Asian norms and labor market institutions play an important role in reducing their level of household income inequality relative to the U.S. where the Gini coefficient has been increasing for decades and shows no signs of decreasing despite declining levels of discrimination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100914
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
Volume90
Early online date1 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Income inequality
  • Norms
  • Labor markets
  • Institutions
  • East Asia
  • Culture
  • Confucianism

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