Ambient air fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may increase cardiovascular disease risks. In this study, we investigated the miR-208/GATA4/myosin heavy chain (MHC) regulation mechanisms on cardiac injury in rats after PM2.5 exposure via an animal inhalation device. The results showed that PM2.5 exposure for 2 months caused pathological heart injury, reduced nucleus-cytoplasm ratio, and increased the levels of CK-MB and cTnI, showing cardiac hypertrophy. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses were also observed in rats’ hearts exposed to PM2.5. Of note, PM2.5 exposure for 2-month significantly elevated GATA4 and β-MHC mRNA and protein expression compared with the corresponding controls, along with the high-expression of miR-208b. The ratios of β-MHC/α-MHC expression induced by PM2.5 were remarkably raised in comparison to their controls. It suggested that the up-regulation of miR-208b/β-MHC and GATA4 and the conversion from α-MHC to β-MHC may be the important causes of cardiac hypertrophy in rats incurred by PM2.5.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Heart injury