AIE-Active Fluorene Derivatives for Solution-Processable Nondoped Blue Organic Light-Emitting Devices (OLEDs)

Xin Jiang Feng*, Jinghong Peng, Zheng Xu, Renren Fang, Hua Rong Zhang, Xinjun Xu, Lidong Li, Jianhua Gao, Ricky M S WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of fluorene derivatives end-capped with diphenylamino and oxadiazolyl were synthesized, and their photophysical and electrochemical properties are reported. Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) effects were observed for the materials, and bipolar characteristics of the molecules are favored with measurement of carrier mobility and calculation of molecular orbitals using density functional theory (DFT). Using the fluorene derivatives as emitting-layer, nondoped organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) have been fabricated by spin-coating in the configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS(35 nm)/PVK(15 nm)/PhN-OF(n)-Oxa(80 nm)/SPPO13(30 nm)/Ca(8 nm)/Al(100 nm) (n = 2-4). The best device with PhN-OF(2)-Oxa exhibits a maximum luminance of 14747 cd/m2, a maximum current efficiency of 4.61 cd/A, and an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 3.09% in the blue region. Investigation of the correlation between structures and properties indicates that there is no intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) increase in these molecules with the increase of conjugation length. The device using material of the shortest conjugation length as emitting-layer gives the best electroluminescent (EL) performances in this series of oligofluorenes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28156-28165
Number of pages10
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Volume7
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2015

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Materials Science(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • AIE-active
  • blue
  • fluorene
  • nondoped
  • organic light-emitting devices

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