Adsorption kinetics of Pb and Cd by two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria

S. C. Wu, X. L. Peng, K. C. Cheung, S. L. Liu, Ming Hung WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A bench study was carried out to characterize the kinetics of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Azotobacter chroococcum and Bacillus megaterium to adsorb heavy metals from solution. Adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ by bacterial cells was processed quickly with an equilibration achieved within 5 min. The adsorptions were fitted well with Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. The comparison of isotherm parameters indicated that A. chroococcum had a stronger capacity to bind metal ions than B. megaterium, with an average increase of 59.8% for Pb2+ and 75.6% for Cd2+, respectively. Both bacteria had a stronger affinity to Pb2+ than Cd2+ since Pb2+ was more easily bound with the phosphoryl groups on the cell surface than Cd2+. This demonstrated that the presence of bacteria in the rhizosphere may result in the reduction of mobile ions in soil solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4559-4563
Number of pages5
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume100
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Bacteria
  • Heavy metals ion
  • Medal binding capacity

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