Adaptive multiquadric collocation for boundary layer problems

Leevan LING*, Manfred R. Trummer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


An adaptive collocation method based upon radial basis functions is presented for the solution of singularly perturbed two-point boundary value problems. Using a multiquadric integral formulation, the second derivative of the solution is approximated by multiquadric radial basis functions. This approach is combined with a coordinate stretching technique. The required variable transformation is accomplished by a conformal mapping, an iterated sine-transformation. A new error indicator function accurately captures the regions of the interval with insufficient resolution. This indicator is used to adaptively add data centres and collocation points. The method resolves extremely thin layers accurately with fairly few basis functions. The proposed adaptive scheme is very robust, and reaches high accuracy even when parameters in our coordinate stretching technique are not chosen optimally. The effectiveness of our new method is demonstrated on two examples with boundary layers, and one example featuring an interior layer. It is shown in detail how the adaptive method refines the resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-282
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2006

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

User-Defined Keywords

  • Adaptive
  • Boundary layer problems
  • High-order discretizations
  • Integral formulation
  • Multiquadric
  • Radial basis function
  • Singular perturbations
  • Spectral accuracy


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