Acylated protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides from the root of Panax ginseng

Guo Yuan Zhu, Ying Wei Li, Desmond Kwok-Po Hau, Zhi Hong JIANG, Zhiling YU, David W F FONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Six new protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides, named ginsenosides Ra 4-Ra 9 (1-6, resp.), along with 14 known dammarane-type triterpene saponins, were isolated from the root of Panax ginseng, one of the most important Chinese medicinal herbs. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, HR-MS, and chemical transformation as (20S)- 3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl] glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl- (1→4)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl] protopanaxadiol (1), (20S)-3-O-[β-D-6-O-acetylglucopyranosyl-(1→2)- β-D-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-[β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→4) -α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (2), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β- D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D- glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (3), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl] glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L- arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (4), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-4-O-[(E)-but-2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2) -β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1→6) -β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (5), (20S)-3-O-{β-D-6-O-[(E)-but- 2-enoyl]glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranosyl}-20-O-[α-L- arabinofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]protopanaxadiol (6). The sugar moiety at C(3) of the aglycone of each new ginsenoside is butenoylated or acetylated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1853-1863
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry and Biodiversity
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Ginsenosides Ra - Ra
  • Panax ginseng
  • Protopanaxadiols


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