Acquiring Expertise in Precision Sport – What Can We Learn from an Elite Snooker Player?

Pui Wah Kong, Jing Wen Pan, Danny P. K. Chu, Pak Ming Cheung, Patrick Wing Chung Lau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Snooker can be an attractive life-long physical activity, given its popularity across all age groups in Asia and Europe. However, scientific research on the cueing movement is limited. This case study presented the biomechanical profiles of the cueing movement in an elite male snooker player (age 37 years old, height 173 cm, body mass 70 kg). Kinematics of the upper limb and cue stick, were examined in five selected snooker tasks (warm-up, stun, top spin, back spin, and stop shots) using the Vicon motion capture system. Ground reaction forces and centre of pressure characteristics were recorded using two Kistler force platforms. Results showed that the cueing movement was contributed primarily by elbow flexion/extension and much less wrist flexion/extension. The high degree of cue stick position overlap between the practice swing and final stroke indicated high level of cueing precision. Weight transfer between feet revealed a slight lean towards the left foot throughout the final stroke, confirming that the elite player was able to maintain high stance stability when executing the cueing movement. Results presented in the present study can serve as a reference for practitioners and scientists to detect error, enhance training, and improve performance in snooker. For practical applications, snooker players are advised to stabilise their shoulder during the cueing movement and deliver the cue stick primarily via elbow movements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Activity and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Anatomy
  • Health(social science)
  • Physiology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Centre of pressure
  • Cue tip
  • Ground reaction force
  • Kinematic
  • Position
  • Speed


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