Absolute quantitation of isoforms of post-translationally modified proteins in transgenic organism

Yaojun Li, Yiwei Shu, Changchao Peng, Lin Zhu, Guangyu Guo, Ning Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Post-translational modification isoforms of a protein are known to play versatile biological functions in diverse cellular processes. To measure the molar amount of each post-translational modification isoform (Pisf) of a target protein present in the total protein extract using mass spectrometry, a quantitative proteomic protocol, absolute quantitation of isoforms of post-translationally modified proteins (AQUIP), was developed. A recombinant ERF110 gene overexpression transgenic Arabidopsis plant was used as the model organism for demonstration of the proof of concept. Both Ser-62-independent 14N-coded synthetic peptide standards and 15N-coded ERF110 protein standard isolated from the heavy nitrogen-labeled transgenic plants were employed simultaneously to determine the concentration of all isoforms (Tisf) of ERF110 in the whole plant cell lysate, whereas a pair of Ser-62-dependent synthetic peptide standards were used to quantitate the Ser-62 phosphosite occupancy (Raqu). The Pisf was finally determined by integrating the two empirically measured variables using the following equation: Pisf = Tisf·Raqu. The absolute amount of Ser-62-phosphorylated isoform of ERF110 determined using AQUIP was substantiated with a stable isotope labeling in Arabidopsis-based relative and accurate quantitative proteomic approach. The biological role of the Ser-62- phosphorylated isoform was demonstrated in transgenic plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-285
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Absolute quantitation of isoforms of post-translationally modified proteins in transgenic organism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this