A synchronized estimation of hourly surface concentrations of six criteria air pollutants with GEMS data

Qianqian Yang, Jhoon Kim, Yeseul Cho, Won Jin Lee, Dong Won Lee, Qiangqiang Yuan, Fan Wang, Chenhong Zhou, Xiaorui Zhang, Xiang Xiao, Meiyu Guo, Yike Guo, Gregory R. Carmichael, Meng Gao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Machine learning is widely used to infer ground-level concentrations of air pollutants from satellite observations. However, a single pollutant is commonly targeted in previous explorations, which would lead to duplication of efforts and ignoration of interactions considering the interactive nature of air pollutants and their common influencing factors. We aim to build a unified model to offer a synchronized estimation of ground-level air pollution levels. We constructed a multi-output random forest (MORF) model and achieved simultaneous estimation of hourly concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, O3, NO2, CO, and SO2 in China, benefiting from the world’s first geostationary air-quality monitoring instrument Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer. MORF yielded a high accuracy with cross-validated R2 reaching 0.94. Meanwhile, model efficiency was significantly improved compared to single-output models. Based on retrieved results, the spatial distributions, seasonality, and diurnal variations of six air pollutants were analyzed and two typical pollution events were tracked.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
Number of pages9
Journalnpj Climate and Atmospheric Science
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Science

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