A single blind randomized control trial on support groups for Chinese persons with mild dementia

Daniel YOUNG*, Timothy Cy Kwok, Petrus Y N NG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Persons with mild dementia experience multiple losses and manifest depressive symptoms. This research study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group led by a social worker for Chinese persons with mild dementia. Research methods: Participants were randomly assigned to either a ten-session support group or a control group. Standardized assessment tools were used for data collection at pretreatment and post-treatment periods by a research assistant who was kept blind to the group assignment of the participants. Upon completion of the study, 20  reatment group participants and 16 control group participants completed all assessments. Results: At baseline, the treatment and control groups did not show any signifcant difference on all demographic variables, as well as on all baseline measures; over one-half (59%) of all the participants reported having depression, as assessed by a Chinese Geriatric Depression Scale score >8. After completing the support group, the depressive mood of the treatment group participants reduced from 8.83 (standard deviation =2.48) to 7.35 (standard deviation =2.18), which was signifcant (Wilcoxon signed-rank test; P=0.017, P<0.05), while the control group’s participants did not show any signifcant change. Conclusion: This present study supports the effcacy and effectiveness of the support group for persons with mild dementia in Chinese society. In particular, this present study shows that a support group can reduce depressive symptoms for participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2105-2112
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Depression
  • Mild dementia
  • Support group

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