A Predominant Role of AtEDEM1 in Catalyzing a Rate-Limiting Demannosylation Step of an Arabidopsis Endoplasmic Reticulum-Associated Degradation Process

Jianjun Zhang, Yang Xia, Dinghe Wang, Yamin Du, Yongwu Chen, Congcong Zhang, Juan Mao, Muyang Wang, Yi-Min She, Xinxiang Peng, Li Liu, Josef Voglmeir, Zuhua He, Linchuan Liu*, Jianming Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a key cellular process for degrading misfolded proteins. It was well known that an asparagine (N)-linked glycan containing a free α1,6-mannose residue is a critical ERAD signal created by Homologous to α-mannosidase 1 (Htm1) in yeast and ER-Degradation Enhancing α-Mannosidase-like proteins (EDEMs) in mammals. An earlier study suggested that two Arabidopsis homologs of Htm1/EDEMs function redundantly in generating such a conserved N-glycan signal. Here we report that the Arabidopsis irb1 (reversal of bri1) mutants accumulate brassinosteroid-insensitive 1–5 (bri1–5), an ER-retained mutant variant of the brassinosteroid receptor BRI1 and are defective in one of the Arabidopsis Htm1/EDEM homologs, AtEDEM1. We show that the wild-type AtEDEM1, but not its catalytically inactive mutant, rescues irb1-1. Importantly, an insertional mutation of the Arabidopsis Asparagine-Linked Glycosylation 3 (ALG3), which causes N-linked glycosylation with truncated glycans carrying a different free α1,6-mannose residue, completely nullifies the inhibitory effect of irb1-1 on bri1-5 ERAD. Interestingly, an insertional mutation in AtEDEM2, the other Htm1/EDEM homolog, has no detectable effect on bri1-5 ERAD; however, it enhances the inhibitory effect of irb1-1 on bri1-5 degradation. Moreover, AtEDEM2 transgenes rescued the irb1-1 mutation with lower efficacy than AtEDEM1. Simultaneous elimination of AtEDEM1 and AtEDEM2 completely blocks generation of α1,6-mannose-exposed N-glycans on bri1-5, while overexpression of either AtEDEM1 or AtEDEM2 stimulates bri1-5 ERAD and enhances the bri1-5 dwarfism. We concluded that, despite its functional redundancy with AtEDEM2, AtEDEM1 plays a predominant role in promoting bri1-5 degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number952246
Number of pages17
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation
  • N-glycan
  • protein degradation
  • BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 1
  • α1,2-mannosidase
  • α1,6-mannose residue

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