A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Among People Recovering from Mental Illness: A Tailored Mindfulness-Based Intervention versus Relaxation Training

Yi Ting Daphne Cheng*, Kim Wan Daniel Young, Per Carlbring, Yat Nam Ng, Suet Lin Shirley Hung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:
This study assessed the potential effectiveness, acceptability and feasibility of a tailored mindfulness-based intervention (MBI, REMIND 2.0) for personal recovery among people with mental illness during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods:
In this pilot mixed methods randomized controlled trial, participants were assigned to either the MBI (n = 14) or the relaxation training (RT) (n = 14). Quantitative measures were used to assess primary outcomes, including personal recovery, mindfulness, self-compassion, resilience, and secondary outcomes, including depression, stress, anxiety, positive and negative moods, quality of life and general health at baseline (T0), post-intervention (T1) and one-month follow-up (T2). Quantitative interviews were conducted to explore the experiences and perceptions toward the MBI.

Results:
Results indicated significant group and time interactions for all outcomes except anxiety and stress. MBI participants showed significant improvements in all outcomes at T1, which were maintained at T2, except for positive mood. RT participants showed a significant decline in resilience but significant improvements in all secondary outcomes at T1, but all outcomes significantly declined at T2, except for anxiety and stress. MBI participants were receptive toward the programme in all aspects of personal recovery.

Conclusions:
The tailored MBI is a potentially effective, feasible and acceptable approach to facilitate personal recovery among people with mental illness. Differences between MBI and RT are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-348
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Evidence-Based Social Work
Volume21
Issue number3
Early online date20 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Mindfulness
  • mental illness
  • mindfulness-based intervention
  • mixed methods
  • relaxation
  • self-compassion

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