Over one thousand genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been conducted in the past decade. Increasing biological evidence suggests the polygenic genetic architecture of complex traits: a complex trait is affected by many risk variants with small or moderate effects jointly. Meanwhile, recent progress in GWAS suggests that complex human traits may share common genetic bases, which is known as “pleiotropy”. To further improve statistical power of detecting risk genetic variants in GWAS, we propose a penalized regression method to analyze the GWAS dataset of primary interest by incorporating information from other related GWAS. The proposed method does not require the individual-level of genotype and phenotype data from other related GWAS, making it useful when only summary statistics are available. The key idea of the proposed approach is that related traits may share common genetic basis. Specifically, we propose a linear model for integrative analysis of multiple GWAS, in which risk genetic variants can be detected via identification of nonzero coefficients. Due to the pleiotropy effect, there exist genetic variants affecting multiple traits, which correspond to a consistent nonzero pattern of coefficients across multiple GWAS. To achieve this, we use a group Lasso penalty to identify this nonzero pattern in our model, and then develop an efficient algorithm based on the proximal gradient method. Simulation studies showed that the proposed approach had satisfactory performance. We applied the proposed method to analyze a body mass index (BMI) GWAS dataset from a European American (EA) population and achieved improvement over single GWAS analysis.
|Journal||Journal of Biometrics and Biostatistics|
|Publication status||Published - May 2015|
- Integrative analysis of GWAS
- Penalized methods
- Scaled group Lasso