A novel multi-pollutant space-time learning network for air pollution inference

Jun Song, Marc E.J. Stettler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Detailed information about air pollution in space and time is essential to manage risks to public health. In this paper we propose a multi-pollutant space-time learning network (Multi-AP learning network), which estimates pixel-wise (grid-level) concentrations of multiple air pollutant species based on fixed-station measurements and multi-source urban features, including land use information, traffic data, and meteorological conditions. We infer concentrations of multiple pollutants within one integrated learning network, which is applied to and evaluated on a case study in Chengdu (4900 km2, 26 April - 12 June 2019), where air pollutant (PM2.5, PM10 and O3) measurements from 40 monitoring sites are used to train the network to estimate pollutant concentrations in 4900 grid-cells (1 km2). The Multi-AP learning network allows us to estimate highly-resolved (1 km × 1 km, hourly) air pollution maps based on pollutant measurements which cover less than 1% of the grid-cells with better accuracy compared to other approaches, and with significant computational efficiency improvements. The time-cost is 1/3 of the time-cost of modelling each pollutant individually. Furthermore, we evaluate the relative importance of features and find that the meteorological feature set is the most important followed the land use features. The proposed Multi-AP method could be used to estimate air pollution exposure across a city using a limited set of air pollution monitoring sites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152254
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Early online date10 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Air pollution modelling
  • Learning network
  • Particulate matter


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