A novel chemosensor for the distinguishable detections of Cu2+ and Hg2+ by off–on fluorescence and ratiometric UV–visible absorption

Huie Jiang*, Danni Tang, Nihao Li, Junwei Li, Zhijian Li, Qingxin Han, Xinhua Liu, Xunjin ZHU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel dual-functional chemosensor, derived from the conjugation of rhodamine B with a quinoline derivative (RHQ), was firstly synthesized with high efficiency and cost-effectiveness for the distinguishable detections of Cu2+ and Hg2+ via ring-opening and ring-forming mechanism. The chemosensor exhibits highly selective and distinguishable responses for Cu2+ and Hg2+ in CH3CN–H2O (4:1, v/v) with off–on fluorescence and ratiometric ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) absorption changes. Additionally, Cu2+ is identified by opening a rhodamine spirocycle with a UV–Vis absorption band, at around 560 nm and fluorescence turn-on. Interestingly, Hg2+ is discerned by opening the rhodamine spirocycle and by generating a new special cycle for the quinoline unit. Resultantly, there were two UV–Vis absorption bands at around 365 nm and 560 nm, which were accompanied by fluorescence turn-on. Moreover, the chemosensor can quantitatively detect Cu2+ and Hg2+ by off–on fluorescence and ratiometric UV–Vis absorption changes, respectively. Furthermore, the chemosensor with low cytotoxicity could be successfully administered to monitor Cu2+ and Hg2+ in living cells. This work may pay the way for the development of dual-functional chemosensor for quantificationally detecting metal ions in environmental and biological systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119365
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume250
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

User-Defined Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Fluorescent imaging
  • Heavy metal ions
  • Living cells
  • Naked-eyes

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