A new perspective to satellite-based retrieval of ground-level air pollution: Simultaneous estimation of multiple pollutants based on physics-informed multi-task learning

Qianqian Yang, Qiangqiang Yuan*, Meng Gao, Tongwen Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Remote sensing of air pollution is essential for air quality management and health risk assessment. Many machine-learning-based retrieval models have been established for estimating various kinds of air pollutants. These methods mainly aimed to estimate a single pollutant (single-pollutant approach). However, different air pollutants interact with each other and are highly correlated. Building a unified model and conducting a joint retrieval of multiple pollutant can make a better use of these connections and improve the model efficiency. This study proposed a physics-informed multi-task deep neural network (phyMTDNN) for the joint retrieval of six main air pollutants, i.e., PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO, and O3. The relationships among these pollutants were used to design the physics-informed network structure and loss function. Top-of-atmosphere reflectance which can generate retrieval results at ultrahigh resolution was used as model input. Experiments for mainland China in 2019 showed that the proposed model successfully achieved simultaneous estimation of six air pollutants, with the cross-validated R2 for the six pollutants varying from 0.72 to 0.90. The contrast experiments proved that physics-informed network structure contributed to the most of the model performance improvement. Compared to the single-pollutant approach, phyMTDNN ameliorated the model accuracy on traces gases retrieval. Furthermore, the modeling efficiency was largely improved in that a lot of repetitive work was avoided and modeling method was optimized. The proposed new multiple-pollutant retrieval frame can be applied to various fields for multi-variate retrieval or estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number159542
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume857, Part 2
Early online date18 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

User-Defined Keywords

  • Air pollutants
  • Multi-task learning
  • Deep learning
  • Joint retrieval
  • Physics-informed machine learning

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