A new mib allele with a chromosomal deletion covering foxc1a exhibits anterior somite specification defect

Chia Hao Hsu, Ji Sheng Lin, Keng Po Lai, Jing Woei Li, Ting Fung Chan, May Su You, William K F TSE, Yun Jin Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


mib nn2002, found from an allele screen, showed early segmentation defect and severe cell death phenotypes, which are different from previously known mib mutants. Despite distinct morphological phenotypes, the typical mib molecular phenotypes: her4 down-regulation, neurogenic phenotype and cold sensitive dlc expression pattern, still remained. The linkage analysis also indicated that mib nn2002 is a new mib allele. Failure of specification in anterior 7-10 somites is likely due to lack of foxc1a expression in mib nn2002 homozygotes. Somites and somite markers gradually appeared after 7-10 somite stage, suggesting that foxc1a is only essential for the formation of anterior 7-10 somites. Apoptosis began around 16-somite stage with p53 up-regulation. To find the possible links of mib, foxc1a and apoptosis, transcriptome analysis was employed. About 140 genes, including wnt3a, foxc1a and mib, were not detected in the homozygotes. Overexpression of foxc1a mRNA in mib nn2002 homozygotes partially rescued the anterior somite specification. In the process of characterizing mib nn2002 mutation, we integrated the scaffolds containing mib locus into chromosome 2 (or linkage group 2, LG2) based on synteny comparison and transcriptome results. Genomic PCR analysis further supported the conclusion and showed that mib nn2002 has a chromosomal deletion with the size of about 9.6 Mbp.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10673
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2015

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