A Moderate Wetting and Drying Regime Combined with Appropriate Nitrogen Application Increases Grain Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Rice

Hanghang Huang, Rongyue Xu, Jixiang Yu, Weiyang Zhang, Junfei Gu, Kuanyu Zhu*, Jianhua Zhang, Jianchang Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated whether and how irrigation regimes interact with nitrogen (N) application rates to mediate the grain yield, N use efficiency (NUE) and water use efficiency (WUE) in rice and to understand the underlying mechanism. A field experiment was conducted with two irrigation regimes, continuously flooded (CF) and alternate wetting and moderate drying (AWMD), and three N application rates, 120 kg ha−1 N (a low N rate, LN), 240 kg ha−1 N (a medium N rate, MN) and 360 kg ha−1 N (a high N rate, HN) in 2021 and 2022. The results showed that the grain yield exhibited the lowest values at the LN, regardless of the irrigation regime, while it was the highest at the MN when the CF regime was adopted. The grain yield was comparable between the MN and HN regarding the AWMD regime. AWMD significantly increased the grain yield, NUE and WUE compared to CF at the same N rate, which was attributed to a higher photosynthetic rate, improved population quality, enhanced nonstructural carbohydrate remobilization from stems to grains during grain filling, and elevated activities of enzymes involved in N assimilation in the roots. The results suggest that an AWMD regime combined with MN treatment could pronounce a synergistic interaction on the grain yield, NUE and WUE in rice by improving root and shoot physiological performances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1729
JournalAgronomy
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • alternate wetting and moderate drying
  • grain yield
  • nitrogen use efficiency
  • rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • synergistic interaction

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